Bell Mine: Buckingham & Lochaber Townships
All information pertaining to mineral resources herewith presented are historical in nature and while relevant, the information was obtained before the implementation of National Instrument 43-101 reporting standards. No historical estimate should be relied upon until it can be confirmed by the Company.
The property is made of 13 claims (CDC) for a total area of 781 ha. It is located on Buckingham and Lochaber Townships in southwestern Québec, about 170 km west of Montréal. Limitation to exploration included the permission from land owner and a gold-silver restriction over a rectangular area, 1.25 square kilometre, surrounding the former Bell Mines in the north central part of the Property.
Most Recent Results
Final Airborne Results: October 20, 2016, Oakville, Ontario, Canada Final airborne results of the summer work program and will use the comprehensive data for the fall work program now underway. That includes three bulk samples, beep mapping and drilling.
On the Bell Block of claims, two main corridors of more or less N-S oriented conductive lineaments are found and have been identified as prospective areas. The first area in the central part, hosts the past producing New Quebec Graphite Co mine while the past producing Bell Graphite mine stands in the second area. This prospective band runs parallel to the rock formation and is extending N-S over a distance of about 2 km in the eastern part of the property. This prospective band has never been drill tested and therefore represents a priority target. 2 The southern half of this area is particularly interesting as it hosts the strongest and most continuous EM conductors believed to be found in the bedrock, and should therefore be investigated in priority. The northern part of area is ambiguous and it is difficult to confirm if the sources are part of the bedrock or not. This part corresponds to flat clayish lands with farming.
Saint Jean Carbon Returns Excellent Results from the Summer Work Project: October 12, 2016, Oakville, Ontario, Canada – Grab samples were taken at different locations and sent to the ALS’s laboratory in Val d’Or, Quebec to test the organic carbon content as well as 37 other chemical elements.
New Quebec Graphite Mine: This mine was in production from 1912 to 1918. It produced about 2,500 tonnes of graphite that was mainly used as a lubricant. The mica was sold and used as filler in the electric industry (capacitors, etc.). The graphitic layers are found in calcareous gneiss as flakes and sometimes as lump. The graphitic layers measure 2.7 m maximum. During the QP’s visits, remnants of the ancient buildings and trenches were recorded with GPS.
The first sample was a composite of grab samples taken from a pile of mineralized rocks found and recorded close to trench No. 1. Assay results are as follows:
M742351: orgC.: 10.85%-Flakes are 1-3 mm wide. The sample shows anomalous dolomitic values (CaO+ MgO). The second sample is from the ruins of the mill, close to the pipe that was used to bring the slurry to the nearby tailing pond.
M742352: orgC.: 16.60%-Graphite is highly pulverized and appears as dust. The sample also returned anomalous values of copper (173 ppm), barium (720 ppm), tin, Strontium, Phosphorus, lead (642 ppm), and zinc (1440 ppm).
M742353: orgC.: 5.16%-This sample was taken in trench No. 2 found in the south part of the New Quebec mine area. The mineralized rock is a paragneiss poor in carbonate. Flakes are disseminated and measure 1-2 mm in diameter.
Around the old concrete slabs and walls, the pits and trenches excavated from 1912 to 1919 are found within an area of 300m in length by 200 m in width. The mineralized rocks are trending NNE and dip sub vertical. The extension at depth of the graphite mineralization is not known. The old mine has never been drill tested.
The Bell Graphite Mine: This mine is located at about 1.9 km NNE of the New Quebec Graphite mine. Historically, the Bell Mine produced about 6,700 tonnes of graphite between 1906 and 1912. Exploration drilling was performed in the early 1950s, which defined the downward extension of Bell Mine graphite deposit.
M742360: orgC.: 6.81 % -This composite sample was taken on the top of an elongated pile of rocks located near the foundations of the old mill. This pile appears to have been built by ore cars on narrow gauge track. Flakes observed are 1- 2 mm in size. 2
M742361: orgC.: 4.75%-A second composite sample was taken from a pile close in proximity of Pit No. 2. This small pit is located at about 15 m east of the long and main excavation. The mineralized rock is a calcareous paragneiss stratigraphically lying below the main mineralized zone. Graphite flakes are 1-2 mm in size.
M742362: orgC.: 8.93%-This composite grab sample was taken from Pit No. 3, part of the main exploitation. Sulphides are present. Flakes are 1-3 mm wide. This sample is anomalous in strontium and zinc.
History on the Bell Mine
Historically, the Bell Mine produces about 6700 tons of graphite between 1906 and 1912 while the New Québec Mine produce 2500 tons of graphite from 1912 to 1920. Exploration drilling was performed in the early fifties which define the downward extension of Bell Mine graphite deposit.
The property is found in the Central Metasedimentary Belt (CMB) of the Grenville geological Province, with regional metamorphism reaching upper amphibolite grade and granulite facies locally. The Buckingham Property is mostly is mostly underlain by different types of paragneisses intermixed with large bands and lenses of marbles and quartzites with SW-NE to NS orientation.
Known graphite mineralisation consist of multiple narrow bands trending NNE (020°). At the Bell Mine Pit, these bands occur in paragneiss in association with disseminated pyrite. They were found within a working thickness from 1 to 5 m and have been follow over a strike length of 660 m and its extension at depth has been demonstrate by drilling in 1950. At the New Quebec smaller mine pits, the graphite is associated with a grey calcite-biotite gneiss, devoid of sulfides. One of the pit follow a one meter thick highly schistose zone enriched with flaky graphite over a 10 m strike length and is well exposed at its northern end.
Graphite enrichment within highly schistose bands may imply migration and recrystallisation as large flakes in shear zones which may have enhanced both continuity and quality of the mineralisation. EM geophysics is well suited to better define such mineralisation. Exploration included two phase of works during the summer of 2013 and the spring of 2015. Remnants of graphite rich bands (47 samples) from historical mine pits were submitted to ALS Chemex Laboratory in Val-d’Or which returned concentration from traces to 22% organic carbon.
The historical drilling by Frobisher Ltd in early fifties defines the extension at depth of the Bell Mine Graphite Deposit and results in a pre-43-101 estimation of 185 100 tons at 9.4 % graphite which constitute an exploration targets by today’s standard. Although this graphite occurrence show the high potential of the property it may not be the best targets on the property because of the presence of pyrite and its higher depth. Instead, the lateral extension of the graphite rich schistose zone should be investigate by geophysics and trenching, which may reveals shallow occurrence of high quality graphite.
Bell Graphite Co Mine (1906-1912)
The Bell Graphite Mine was operated from 1906 to 1912 during which 6700 tons of graphite were produced. Graphite was found in a bed of disseminated flake on lot 2W ½ of range V. The graphite ore was distributed in a lenses 600 m in length and 3 to 4 m wide. In 1910, a mill, which consisted of a large, 3-storey wooden structure was erected (Figure 4).