Saint Jean Carbon Files Provisional Patents to Protect New Graphene Technologies, Processes and Applications
Room Temperature Superconducting Wire
The Company, along with their industry partners, will complete a prototype of the recently developed design for a diamagnetic wire that will conduct energy at room temperature with superconducting level resistance. The engineered model will first be prototyped at 36 inches in length. The goal is to measure the energy resistance under varying loads. As an example: a better understanding on how a superconducting wire can greatly enhance the electricity transfer from an electric motor to a battery.
The design works on very simple principles: the outer housing (casing) is a non-conductive rubber compound; the inner sleeve is a resin binder with a high concentration of diamagnetic graphene; the center core is a magnetic graphene wire; the diamagnetic force holds the center core in place while the energy passes along the path of the neutralized middle core. The process to build the wire will take a few months, as the construction design phase has many steps of development. As an example: the percentage of diamagnetic graphene that will be required to determine maximum efficiency.
Superconductors are materials that conduct electricity with no resistance. This means that, unlike the more familiar conductors such as copper or steel, a superconductor can carry a current indefinitely without losing any energy. They also have several other very important properties, such as the fact that no magnetic field can exist within a superconductor. Superconductors already have changed the world of medicine with the advent of MRI machines, which has resulted in a reduction in exploratory surgery. Power utilities, electronics companies, the military, transportation, and theoretical physics have all benefited from the discovery of these materials.
The Company has filed a patent to cover the intellectual property of the design and materials of the superconducting wire (see attached drawing). Previously announced December 22, 2015 release.
Carbon Coating Lithium-ion Battery Grade Graphite
The reason that carbon coating spherical shaped graphite is to be used in lithium-ion batteries is that the graphite needs to have a sensitivity to propylene carbonate (PC) - based electrodes. PC is an essential solvent for the electrolytes of lithium-ion batteries. The carbon coating (>1wt%) keeps the graphite surface from having direct contact with the electrolyte. Today, there are a number of ways to coat the material. Popular ways include thermal vapour decomposition (TVD) and chemical vapour disposition (CVD). Our system is a continuous feed from the spherical shaping system into the drying (moisture removal) chamber where the pre sized material flows into a vacuum chamber. Once the moisture has been completely removed, the material is forced with air pressure into the high-pressure vessel. The vessels are lined with electromagnetic bars that create enough force to keep the graphite in colloidal suspension. A very small electrical charge is applied to the material. The material is introduced to the diamagnetic carbon through the feed port and blends with the oxygen. The carbon repels the magnetic field and is attracted to the graphite, dispersing onto the mildly charged graphite, creating a nano level coating. The material on a continuous feed enters the cooling chamber, and then through to the output holding chamber. See diagram below. Previously announce in a press release dated Dec 1, 2015.
Spherically Shaping Graphite for Lithium Ion Batteries
The basics of the system are as follows: Spherical graphite is produced by moving (circulating) the micronized graphite material at great speed in a stainless steel cylinder, allowing the weight of the material to carry itself into the wall of the cylinder, with enough impact to break off the small rough protruding pieces on the planner edge, thus leaving a smooth edge. The impact must be soft enough not to crush the material, yet strong enough to smooth out the rough edges producing a potato like shape. The “wanding method” is comprised of a long vertical cylinder with articulating wands, that rotate in the opposing direction to the air feed direction, encouraging the graphite to continually bounce off the wall as it travels up the cylinder. Contemporaneously, the graphite and pressurized air meet at the blending coupling and enter the cylinder at the base; angled to flow the air up the walls of the cylinder in a spiral pattern. Traveling up and into the cylinder causes the micronized graphite to lightly bouncing off the interior wall of the cylinder at a tremendous velocity. The material repeatedly hits the interior wall through the air feed and the wanding also forces the material to strike the wall repeatedly. At the top, the material is captured in the recovery filtration system – the system is a continuous feed and can produce material from3 microns in 30 microns in 2.5 micron increments.
The diagram below, shows the basic functioning processes and the material flow. The Company plans to complete a bench scale version that should be able to produce sample material for customers. The next step in the process is the carbon coating of the shaped material. The Company will complete the patent filing for the coater by mid next week, with a goal to release that information to our shareholders. Each of these steps continues to move the Company forward in its efforts to create commercially-available value-added graphene products for the growing markets it represents. Previously announced in press release dated November 9, 2015.
Continuous feed Graphene Production
The principal engineering behind the patent, calls for a pressurized vessel containing salt water and reagents that self-circulate and is disrupted by harmonic vibration. The effects of the salt water and reagents, electrify the pretreated and sized graphite, encouraging the platelets to separate and with the use of upward force through pressurized oxygen the graphene floats to the top of the cell, where electromagnetic force removes the graphene from the cell. The entire process is a continuous feed to hopefully produce high volumes of material. Finally, the recover port is design to allow for many different storage dispersible materials. One of the difficulties in controlling the effects of the superparamagnetic graphene has led to the use of a controlling electromagnetic field as a way to control the movement of the graphene. Essentially turning it off and leading to a specific point.
The company intends on completing the quarter scale version to help in the development of a full-scale system. As the systems will run in a continuous flow, the company’s focus on the engineering of pre- and post-handling system is a top priority. With so many industry applications, the company will focus on 10 of the top applications, such as; polymers, coating, fluids and biomedical engineered products. Each application will have an industry partner to assure that the material created, can be put in to production, can solve and greatly improve the products functionally and overall performance.
Conductive graphene application development will continue with the help of the teams at the universities, with specific focus on engineering the graphene to preform to specific design requirements. Further, the development of applications for lithium batteries, will continue along side of the other proposed applications with one industry partner with a specific goal to greatly enhance the performance of the lithium battery for electric vehicles and to create materials that will interconnect the workings of the electric vehicle by providing near zero resistance between cells, controllers, etc. It is considered, that reducing resistance between each module or controlling device could greatly help the distance performance of an electric vehicle.
The engineering diagram shows the basic details of the system and principal flow of material. Both the pre- and post-functions of the system will be released at a later date. The second patent application on our engineered spherical shaping of graphite for the lithium battery industry will be released on Monday November 9, 2015. Previously announced in press release dated November 5, 2015